First, you should load recharts:


1 Introduction

Map includes 4 basic types:

  • China Map
  • China Map with Multiple Selection
  • World Map
  • World Map with Multiple Selection

The keys are:

  • Base Map Mode:
    • Simply assign type and/or subtype to display the base map
  • Data Map Mode:
  • character x
    • x[,1] must be valid geographic names, e.g., ‘United States of America’ instead of ‘USA’ or ‘U.S.’.
  • numeric/logical y
    • y[,1]: value
    • y[,2]: logical, if is selected. Also allowed to use 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE.
  • series is mapped to data series
  • facet is mapped to separate maps, i.e., each level of facet represents a map. The facet variable should also be valid geograhic names.
  • You can additionally add map data to the echarts object
    • addNameMap for geoName mapping/translation;
    • addHeatMap for additional heatmap graph layer
    • addMarkLine or addMarkPoint to add markLines and/or markPoints
      • addGeoCoord to define coordinates of the places for markLine and markPoint

2 Function Call

echartr(data, <x>, <y>, <series>, <facet>, <lng>, <lat>, <t>, <type>, <subtype>)
Arg Requirement


source data in the form of data.frame


character independent variable. Other type will be coerced to factors. Only the first one is accepted if multiple variables are provided. x[,1] must be valid geographic names.


numeric dependent variable. Only the first 2 are accepted if multiple variables are provided. y[,1] acts as the value and y[,2] (logical) represents the status of selected/unselected. It is also allowed to use 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE in y[,2].


series variable which will be coerced to factors. Each level of series is treated as a group factor to produce data series. Only the first one is accepted if multiple variables are provided.


facetting variable which will be coerced to factors. Each level of facet is treated as a subsetting factor to produce separate maps. Only the first one is accepted if multiple variables are provided.


timeline variable which will be coerced to factors. Only the first one is accepted if multiple variables are provided.


‘map_world’, ‘map_world_multi’, ‘map_china’, ‘map_china_multi’.


  • map_world: c(“sum”, “average”, [country names])
    • sum: the map value is calculated by ‘sum’ (default algorithm).
    • average: the map value is calculated by ‘average’.
    • move: roam method is ‘move’
    • scale: roam method is ‘scale’
    • /country names/: A set of strings that are valid in Echarts. Refer to ‘valid country names’ below.
  • map_world_multi: c(“sum”, “average”, “move”, “scale”, /country names/)
  • map_china: c(“sum”, “average”, “move”, “scale”, /China province names/)
    • /China province names/: A set of strings that are valid in Echarts. Refer to ‘valid china province names’ below.
  • map_china_multi: c(“sum”, “average”, “move”, “scale”, /China province names/)
  • Valid country names:
    • “Afghanistan”, “Angola”, “Albania”, “United Arab Emirates”, “Argentina”, “Armenia”, “French Southern and Antarctic Lands”, “Australia”, “Austria”, “Azerbaijan”, “Burundi”, “Belgium”, “Benin”, “Burkina Faso”, “Bangladesh”, “Bulgaria”, “The Bahamas”, “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Belarus”, “Belize”, “Bermuda”, “Bolivia”, “Brazil”, “Brunei”, “Bhutan”, “Botswana”, “Central African Republic”, “Canada”, “Switzerland”, “Chile”, “China”, “Ivory Coast”, “Cameroon”, “Democratic Republic of the Congo”, “Republic of the Congo”, “Colombia”, “Costa Rica”, “Cuba”, “Northern Cyprus”, “Cyprus”, “Czech Republic”, “Germany”, “Djibouti”, “Denmark”, “Dominican Republic”, “Algeria”, “Ecuador”, “Egypt”, “Eritrea”, “Spain”, “Estonia”, “Ethiopia”, “Finland”, “Fiji”, “Falkland Islands”, “France”, “Gabon”, “United Kingdom”, “Georgia”, “Ghana”, “Guinea”, “Gambia”, “Guinea Bissau”, “Equatorial Guinea”, “Greece”, “Greenland”, “Guatemala”, “French Guiana”, “Guyana”, “Honduras”, “Croatia”, “Haiti”, “Hungary”, “Indonesia”, “India”, “Ireland”, “Iran”, “Iraq”, “Iceland”, “Israel”, “Italy”, “Jamaica”, “Jordan”, “Japan”, “Kazakhstan”, “Kenya”, “Kyrgyzstan”, “Cambodia”, “South Korea”, “Kosovo”, “Kuwait”, “Laos”, “Lebanon”, “Liberia”, “Libya”, “Sri Lanka”, “Lesotho”, “Lithuania”, “Luxembourg”, “Latvia”, “Morocco”, “Moldova”, “Madagascar”, “Mexico”, “Macedonia”, “Mali”, “Myanmar”, “Montenegro”, “Mongolia”, “Mozambique”, “Mauritania”, “Malawi”, “Malaysia”, “Namibia”, “New Caledonia”, “Niger”, “Nigeria”, “Nicaragua”, “Netherlands”, “Norway”, “Nepal”, “New Zealand”, “Oman”, “Pakistan”, “Panama”, “Peru”, “Philippines”, “Papua New Guinea”, “Poland”, “Puerto Rico”, “North Korea”, “Portugal”, “Paraguay”, “Qatar”, “Romania”, “Russia”, “Rwanda”, “Western Sahara”, “Saudi Arabia”, “Sudan”, “South Sudan”, “Senegal”, “Solomon Islands”, “Sierra Leone”, “El Salvador”, “Somaliland”, “Somalia”, “Republic of Serbia”, “Suriname”, “Slovakia”, “Slovenia”, “Sweden”, “Swaziland”, “Syria”, “Chad”, “Togo”, “Thailand”, “Tajikistan”, “Turkmenistan”, “East Timor”, “Trinidad and Tobago”, “Tunisia”, “Turkey”, “United Republic of Tanzania”, “Uganda”, “Ukraine”, “Uruguay”, “United States of America”, “Uzbekistan”, “Venezuela”, “Vietnam”, “Vanuatu”, “West Bank”, “Yemen”, “South Africa”, “Zambia”, “Zimbabwe”
  • Valid China province names:
    • “新疆”, “西藏”, “内蒙古”, “青海”, “四川”, “黑龙江”, “甘肃”, “云南”, “广西”, “湖南”, “陕西”, “广东”, “吉林”, “河北”, “湖北”, “贵州”, “山东”, “江西”, “河南”, “辽宁”, “山西”, “安徽”, “福建”, “浙江”, “江苏”, “重庆”, “宁夏”, “海南”, “台湾”, “北京”, “天津”, “上海”, “香港”, “澳门”

3 Showcase

3.1 Base Map Mode

If you leave all params NULL except for type and/or subtype, you will get a base map with no data shown.

3.1.1 Complete Base Map

Set type ‘map_world’ or ‘map_china’. Leave all other params NULL.

echartr(NULL, type='map_world') %>% setTitle('World Map')
echartr(NULL, type='map_china') %>% setTitle('China Map')

3.1.2 Partial Base map

You can also display partial maps. Political zones of China can act as the independent mapType, so you can see its subordinate areas.

echartr(NULL, type='map_world', subtype='United States of America') %>% 
    setTitle('World Map|USA')
echartr(NULL, type='map_china', subtype='上海') %>% 
    setTitle('China Map|Shanghai')

3.2 Extensive Base Map Mode

3.2.1 Multi-select Base Map

Set type ‘map_world_multi’ or ‘map_china_multi’, you will get a base map for multiple selection. You can also apply subtypes to it.

echartr(NULL, type='map_world_multi') %>% setTitle('World Map')
echartr(NULL, type='map_china_multi', subtype='上海') %>% 
    setTitle('China Map|Shanghai')

3.2.2 Multiple Maps

If you assign facet and subtype with valid geographic names, you will yield separated multiple maps. Note that subtype must be wrapped as list.

data <- data.frame(x=c('United States of America', 'China', 'Japan'))
echartr(data, x, facet=x, type='map_world', subtype=as.list(data$x))

3.3 Data Map Mode

You can attach data onto the base map to render it more informative.

3.3.1 Single Series

If no series is assigned, the map does not differentiate data series.

worldgdp <- data.frame(
    country=c('United States of America', 'China', 'Japan', 'Germany',
              'United Kingdom', 'France', 'Brazil', 'Italy', 'India','Russia',
              'Canada', 'Australia', 'South Korea', 'Spain', 'Mexico', 
              'Indonesia', 'Netherlands', 'Turkey', 'Saudi Arabia', 
    GDP=c(17418925, 10380380, 4616335, 3859547, 2945146, 2846889, 2353025, 
          2147952, 2049501, 1857461, 1788717, 1444189, 1416949, 1406855, 1282725,
          888648, 866354, 806108, 752459, 712050))
echartr(worldgdp, country, GDP, type="map_world") %>%
    setTitle("World GDP Top 20, 2014")

But point markers are not that informative. Let’s color the areas by mapping the data to dataRange. Plus, set it ‘move’ and ‘scale’.

echartr(worldgdp, country, GDP, type="map_world", subtype="move + scale") %>%
    setDataRange(splitNumber=0, color=getColFromPal('rainbow')) %>%
    setTitle("World GDP Top 20, 2014")

3.3.2 Multiple Series

Let’s use ChinaGDP dataset with ‘Year’ as data series variable.

## 'data.frame':    93 obs. of  3 variables:
##  $ Year: num  2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 ...
##  $ Prov: chr  "广东" "江苏" "山东" "浙江" ...
##  $ GDP : num  1103605 1059587 967419 653668 568786 ...
totGDP <- data.table::dcast(ChinaGDP, Prov~., sum, value.var='GDP')
## Warning in split_indices(.group, .n): '.Random.seed' is not an integer
## vector but of type 'NULL', so ignored
ChinaGDP <- ChinaGDP[order(ChinaGDP$Year),]
echartr(ChinaGDP, Prov, GDP, Year, type="map_china") %>%
    setDataRange(splitNumber=0, valueRange=range(totGDP[, 2]), 
                 color=c('red','orange','yellow','limegreen','green')) %>%
    setTitle("China GDP by Provice, 2012-2014")

This applies ‘sum’ as mapvalueCalculation method. Add ‘average’ to subtype to change the method to ‘avarge’.

echartr(ChinaGDP, Prov, GDP, Year, type="map_china", subtype='average') %>%
                 color=c('red','orange','yellow','limegreen','green')) %>%
    setTitle("China GDP by Provice, 2012-2014")

3.3.3 Maps with Timeline

Put ‘Year’ as t, we will get a map with timeline.

echartr(ChinaGDP, Prov, GDP, t=Year, type="map_china", subtype='average') %>%
                 color=c('red','orange','yellow','limegreen','green')) %>%
    setTitle("China GDP by Provice, 2012-2014")

3.4 Extensive Data Map Mode

3.4.1 Multi-select Data Map

Just set type ‘map_world_multi’ or ‘map_china_multi’. The rest are similar to above.

3.4.2 Multiple Maps

Let’s tile the countries with top 10 GDP on the chart rather than showing them where they are.

worldgdp <- worldgdp[order(worldgdp$GDP, decreasing=TRUE),]
worldgdp10 <- worldgdp[1:10, ]

echartr(worldgdp10, country, GDP, facet=country, type='map_world', 
        subtype=as.list(worldgdp10$country)) %>% 
        'red', 'orange', 'yellow', 'limegreen', 'green'), pos=4) %>%

4 Futher Setup

Then you can configure the widgets, add markLines and/or markPoints, fortify the chart.

4.1 Add/Overide nameMap

Maybe you want to show the China province names in English. You can use addNameMap or overideNameMap function.

There is a preinstalled dataset geoNameMap listing some Chinese and English geographic names. ‘LEVEL’ is a number ranging from 0 to 3: 0 reprensents country, 1 reprensents province, 2 reprensents city, and, 3 reprensents county. ‘FKEY’ is foreign key of the parent level. E.g., ‘China’ is in the record with ID 31, so we can get all the China provinces by geoNameMap[geoNameMap$FKEY==31,].

## 'data.frame':    3735 obs. of  5 variables:
##  $ ID   : int  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...
##  $ EN   : chr  "Afghanistan" "Angola" "Albania" "United Arab Emirates" ...
##  $ CN   : chr  "阿富汗" "安哥拉" "阿尔巴尼亚" "阿联酋" ...
##  $ FKEY : int  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
##  $ LEVEL: int  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

So we prepare a two-column dictionary of the geographic names: Col 1 is the name in the source language, Col 2 is that in the target language. That’s the valid data structure addNameMap requires.

dict <- geoNameMap[geoNameMap$FKEY==31, c("CN", "EN")]
echartr(NULL, type="map_china_multi") %>% addNameMap(dict, mode='overide')

4.2 Add/Overide markLine

4.2.1 addMarkLine

Based on a base map, we can add markLines using addMarkLine (or addML for short) or overideMarkLine.

This instance makes use of another preinstalled dataset flight.

## List of 2
##  $ route:'data.frame':   150 obs. of  2 variables:
##   ..$ From: chr [1:150] "北京" "北京" "北京" "北京" ...
##   ..$ To  : chr [1:150] "包头" "北海" "广州" "郑州" ...
##  $ coord:'data.frame':   114 obs. of  3 variables:
##   ..$ Place: chr [1:114] "上海" "东莞" "东营" "中山" ...
##   ..$ Lng  : num [1:114] 121 114 119 113 111 ...
##   ..$ Lat  : num [1:114] 31.3 22.9 37.6 22.5 36.2 ...
route <- flight$route
names(route) <- c('name1', 'name2')
coord <- flight$coord
g <- echartr(NULL, type='map_china') %>% 
    addML(series='北京', data=route[route$name1=='北京',]) %>% 
    addML(series='上海', data=route[route$name1=='上海',]) %>% 
    addML(series='广州', data=route[route$name1=='广州',])

It is equivalent to

g <- echartr(NULL, type='map_china') %>% 
    addML(series=c('北京', '上海', '广州), data=route) 

4.2.2 addGeoCoord

But the markLines are not shown yet. You have to append the longitudes and latitudes of the places ever appear in the markLine dataset using addGeoCoord.

g %>% addGeoCoord(coord)

4.3 Add/Overide markPoint

4.3.1 addMarkPoint

Based on a base map, we can add markLines using addMarkPoint (or addMP for short) or overideMarkPoint.

This instance makes use of another preinstalled dataset chinapm25.

## 'data.frame':    190 obs. of  4 variables:
##  $ City : chr  "海门" "鄂尔多斯" "招远" "舟山" ...
##  $ Value: num  9 12 12 12 14 15 16 18 18 19 ...
##  $ Lng  : num  121 110 120 122 124 ...
##  $ Lat  : num  31.9 39.6 37.4 30 47.3 ...
names(chinapm25) <- c('name', 'value', 'lng', 'lat')

g <- echartr(NULL, type='map_china') %>% 
    addMP(data=chinapm25[,c('name', 'value')], symbolSize=5, itemStyle=list(
        normal=list(borderColor='#87cefa', borderWidth=1,
        emphasis=list(borderColor='#1e90ff', borderWidth=5, 
    )) %>%
    addMP(series='Top 5', 
              name=c('廊坊', '合肥', '菏泽', '武汉', '大庆'),
              value=c(193, 194, 229, 273, 279)), 
          symbolSize=JS('function (v) {return 10 + v/100;}'), 
    ) %>%
    setDataRange(splitNumber=0, valueRange=c(0, 500), color=c(
        'maroon', 'purple', 'red', 'orange', 'yellow', 'lightgreen'))

4.3.2 addGeoCoord Pre-installed geoCoord dataset

Although recharts can recognize most of the cities, there still might be points missing coordinates. Again, we need to define the geoCoord using addGeoCoord.

addGeoCoord requires a data.frame with three columns in order: name, longitude and latitude. Pay attention to the order of lng and lat.

g %>% addGeoCoord(chinapm25[,c('name', 'lng', 'lat')]) %>% 
    setTitle('PM2.5 in China Cities', 'Fictious Data') Query the Coordinates

What if I don’t know the coordinates of the places? You need geocode (forked from geoChina), which queries info from Google (so first you should be able to visit Google) or Baidu (in this way you need to provide Baidu api key).

geocode(c('北京', '上海'), api='google')
##        lat      lng
## 1 39.90281 116.4012
## 2 31.23236 121.4692

or geocode(c('北京', '上海'), api='baidu', key='xxxxx').

These are coordinates under WGS-84 system. If you want to apply them in Echarts, you need to convert them to BD-09 system. You can use convWGS2BD function or use geocode with ocs=‘BD-09’ to do that.

convWGS2BD(geocode(c('北京', '上海'), api='google'))
##        lat      lng
## 1 39.91053 116.4138
## 2 31.23636 121.4803

or geocode(c('北京', '上海'), api='google', ocs='BD-09')

4.4 addMarkLine And addMarkPoint

In addition to the addMarkLine example, we addMarkPOint to yield the Fictious Baidu Migration example.

route <- flight$route
names(route) <- c('name1', 'name2')
coord <- flight$coord
target <- data.frame(
    name1=c(rep('北京', 10), rep('上海', 10), rep('广州', 10)),
# series column mapping series of addML/addMP
target$series <- paste0(target$name1, 'Top10')

## apply addGeoCoord, and add markLines without values
g <- echartr(NULL, type='map_china') %>% addGeoCoord(coord) %>%
    addML(series=1, data=route, symbol=c('none', 'circle'), symbolSize=1, 
          smooth=TRUE, itemStyle=list(normal=itemStyle(
              color='#fff', borderWidth=1, borderColor='rgba(30,144,255,0.5)')))

## modify itemStyle of the base map to align the areaStyle with bgColor and 
## disable `hoverable`
g <- g %>% setSeries(hoverable=FALSE, itemStyle=list(
        borderColor='rgba(100,149,237,1)', borderWidth=0.5, 

## add markLines with values
line.effect <- list(
    show=TRUE, scaleSize=1, period=30, color='#fff', shadowBlur=10) <- list(normal=itemStyle(
    borderWidth=1, lineStyle=lineStyle(type='solid', shadowBlur=10)))
g1 <- g %>% 
    addML(series=c('北京Top10', '上海Top10', '广州Top10'), data=target, 
          smooth=TRUE, effect=line.effect,
## add markPoints
## series better be 2, 3, 4 rather than the series names
jsSymbolSize <- JS('function (v) {return 10+v/10;}') <- list(normal=itemStyle(label=labelStyle(show=FALSE)), 
g2 <- g1 %>%
    addMP(series=2:4, data=target[,c("name2", "value", "series")],
          effect=list(show=TRUE), symbolSize=jsSymbolSize, 
## setDataRange
g3 <- g2 %>%
        color=c('#ff3333', 'orange', 'yellow','limegreen','aquamarine'),
        valueRange=c(0, 100), textStyle=list(color='#fff'),

## setTheme
g3 <- g3 %>% setLegend(pos=10, selected='上海Top10', textStyle=list(color='#fff')) %>%
    setTheme(palette=c('gold','aquamarine','limegreen'), bgColor='#1b1b1b') %>%
    setToolbox(pos=3) %>% 
    setTitle('Baidu Migration', 'Fictious Data', pos=12, 

4.5 Add/Overide heatMap

Let’s make up a fictious heatmap dataset. The dataset must be comprised of lng, lat and heat value.

heatmap <- sapply(1:15, function(i){
    x <- 100 + runif(1, 0, 1) * 16
    y <- 24 + runif(1, 0, 1) * 12
    lapply(0:floor(50 * abs(rnorm(1))), function(j){
        c(x+runif(1, 0, 1)*2, y+runif(1, 0, 1)*2, runif(1, 0, 1))
heatmap <- data.frame(matrix(unlist(heatmap), byrow=TRUE, ncol=3))
## 'data.frame':    531 obs. of  3 variables:
##  $ X1: num  109 108 102 102 102 ...
##  $ X2: num  35.7 34.9 27.5 27.9 27.9 ...
##  $ X3: num  0.967 0.47 0.934 0.698 0.863 ...

Then append/modify the heatmap to a base map using addHeatmap / overideHeatmap.

echartr(NULL, type="map_china") %>% addHeatmap(data=heatmap)

You can refer to related functions to play around on your own.